Summary: The blowfly is a grouping of flies that includes bluebottle flies, cluster flies, and green bottle flies. The flies usually have a metallic coloration and are among the first insects found feeding on a dead animal.
If blowflies are an urgent problem you can try using fly bait such as
Maxforce Fly Spot to kill the flies,
sticky traps hanging nearby where they congregate, or pesticide sprays like
PT 565 XLO to limit or exterminate populations. However, pesticides should be used as a last resort, with improved sanitation being the primary method for getting rid of blowflies.
The blowfly is a pretty disgusting animal. Anything that feeds primarily on carrion and dung can be categorized in this way by my standards. The blowfly uses dead animal meat not only for food, but also as a haven to lay its eggs. When blowfly eggs hatch the blowfly larvae are referred to as maggots. The maggots use the dead animal or dung for food and they help to decompose it so it doesn't lie on the ground and stink up everything around it forever. That
is a great benefit for mankind. The term blowfly comes from an old English expression that referred to maggot infested meat as “fly blown”.
Although the blowfly is an important decomposer, it can also be a pest to humans. Because its food source is so nasty, the blowfly can spread diseases such as dysentery to people when the fly comes into contact with food that is consumed by humans. Blowflies also sometimes lay their eggs into the living flesh of livestock animals such as cows, goats, and sheep. Blowflies such as sawflies do millions of dollars of damage each year because these infestations can sometimes kill the host animal. Integrated pest management strategies such as introducing sterile males into the environment to reduce reproduction rates have been very successful in limiting the populations of blowflies and preventing damage to livestock.
Blowflies are the flies commonly seen flying around dung or roadkill. They are twelve to fourteen millimeters in length, with only one pair of wings. They are blue, black, or green in color and there is usually a metallic sheen to their exoskeleton. Most have large, bright red eyes. They live in all the contiguous United States.
Blowflies are attracted to food sources where they can lay their eggs. If you are having a problem with the shiny looking flies, then it is likely that they are reproducing somewhere nearby. Check garbage cans to make sure that the lids close securely. You might want to consider moving them further away from the house or giving them a thorough cleaning to reduce the smell of rotting garbage. Some flowers attract blowflies to pollinate them by having a scent like rotting meat. These flowers should not be planted in your garden if you do not want to attract blowflies.
Blowflies have short lives but reproduce very quickly. A single female can lay over 2000 eggs in her lifetime and eggs, under the right temperature conditions, can mature from egg to an adult in as little as ten days. This means that if there is a suitable place for the blowflies to reproduce in their populations can explode. A dead animal in a wall void might attract cockroaches, ants, or blowflies. Removing the blowflies' food source will quickly reduce the blowfly population as adults die off, and the maggots that will soon become adults are no longer present.
Another interesting note about blowflies is that they are often used in forensic science to determine the time of death of a human body. Forensic entomologists use the development of blowfly larvae to determine how long a body has been dead. A gory but very useful method for criminal investigators.
Click here to watch my short video on how to control flies.
16 Jul 2012, 21:25
I'm haveing fly trouble again. Every few weeks the flies come in swarms and
congregate on all the windows inside. We kill them, but this only briefly
provides relief. One thing I notice is the majority seem to come fro in
between the front door and the screen door. I looked around and notice some
of the wood looks rotten. Cand these green metalic flies breed in rotting
wood? I have searched far and wide for dead animals inside and out. I have
sprayed the yard with OFF insect killer. My garbage cans are far from the
house and bleached just to be sure. We take the trash out every night and
keep a very clean home. My neighors have two dogs so its possible the flies
could come from there but they dont seem to have a fly problem. These flies
a driving me insane!!! Thank you for your help. Great job at keeping up
with your website. I notice the questions get answered very proptly.
Ask the Exterminator
17 Jul 2012, 09:56
Green bottle flies attack the carcasses of dead animals or decaying matter
like dog feces. The reproduce very rapidly, so populations explode. You may
have to have a talk with your neighbor about picking up after their dog.
20 Jul 2012, 11:41
It's nice to see I'm not alone with this problem. Over the course of 3
days I've been killing about 20 flies each day at the windows. I went
downstairs into basement and discovered numerous dead fly bodies on the
floor and a few live ones around the window. When I sprayed insecticide,
there was a buzzing from the wall beneath the window. I'm assuming that a
mouse or some other tiny rodent died in wall. This is beneath the window
egress from basement. I don't want to have wall torn out so will hope they
disappear in time. Terminex is coming out to have a look today. Made my
skin crawl when I heard the buzzing. They must be coming up to main floor
from A/C grates...
24 Jul 2012, 22:58
Right after I posted my 2nd post we finally discovered where the flies were
coming in from. In our utility room off the kitchen, there are some tiny
windows all along the outer wall near the ceiling. One of them on the far
end had a small crack in it allowing the flies to come in. In that window
we saw probably a hundred flies swarming. My husband killed them all. We
never saw a dead animal but there must have been one near our house. Once
my husband killed those flies we never saw another blow fly. Thank God.
They are a total annoyance and extremely disgusting.
08 Aug 2012, 00:48
About 2 days ago I noticed lots of flies all over my kitchen window and at
first thought nothing of it even though I am a paranoiac when it comes to
shutting the door. In those 2 days I've been killing 2-4 flies a day even
though all windows are closed. They're bright green so I know they're
blowflies but I found no rotting food and have never seen a rodent! Where
else could they be coming from and when will they eventually die out?
Ask the Exterminator
09 Aug 2012, 16:57
The flies could be coming from a nearby compost pile or even dog feces in
14 Aug 2012, 21:35
I've been having 10-20 blow flies in my apartment lately. Last week, I
found that the maggots were coming from the kitchen garbage. I took out the
garbage, killed all of the maggots lying around, and lysoled the crap out
of the bin (it's one of those bins where you step on pedal to open the
lid). I also swept and mopped the kitchen. I don't see any more maggots
crawling around. I've been killing the flies I see when I get back from
work. How long does it usually take until the flies go away completely
(given that I have eliminated the maggots)?
Ask the Exterminator
15 Aug 2012, 20:34
If you've really eliminated the larvae, a simply spray with any fly spray
product will instantly kill off the remaining adults.
18 Aug 2012, 01:28
In my case, i don't see them flying around. However, I find them by the
dozen, dead, next to my two basement windows - nowhere else in my house,
just the basement windows. What could explain this? and what can I do to
11 Sep 2012, 18:14
My home has had blow fly infestation two times. Each infestation occurred,
only, after the home was re-roofed, first Sept-1996, next late Aug 2012.
This time I removed the, now unused, chimney and sealed it's opening in my
basement and have experienced fewer flies. Next, I'll hang a 'no pest'
strip in the attic and seal the chimney exit in my attic floor. A neighbor
ground feeds, against city statute, all types of wildlife in her yard; this
draws mice. Looks like I'll complain to city inspector's every day until
13 Oct 2012, 19:02
There was a decomposing something in the walls of the basement apartment
that I live in. My landlords were unable to find the body so they got a
pest-control level deodorizer to deal with the smell. But now I have
blowflies!! There are so many, big ones and little baby ones. It's very
distressing and they aren't sticking to the sticky fly traps I have been
hanging (maybe not attracted to it?). So far I've just been attacking them
with the vacuum cleaner whenever I see them. I'm a very clean person and
it's just the matter of the decomposing mouse. The smell started about 3 or
4 weeks ago and it primarily gone now. How long will the blowfly problem
Ask the Exterminator
15 Oct 2012, 09:39
The flies will remain until the carcass of the dead animal has been
completely consumed by the flies.
20 Jul 2013, 09:23
I have done my best to seal off the wall through AC sleeve in my second
floor NY apartment. I never open the windows anymore. I understand there
are cracks in the facade - could large blow flies be entering through
these? (They are really large flies). Also, I went to open a window to
clean and was horrified to see around 40 flies dead, lying between the
screen and the glass window. What next steps should I take? I have 60 dead
flies right now on clear window stickers and a light trap. I would complain
to my landlord (this is a condo and I rent from the owner) but don't know
what to ask him to do.
27 Jul 2013, 08:53
There are flies that are flying around in the living room. All the windows
have been closed. The basement and attic have been checked and there are no
flies in either room. For a few hours you don't see any flies then they
appear. This is puzzling where are they coming from.
Ask the Exterminator
27 Jul 2013, 09:52
What kind of flies? Knowing the species will help you learn why they are
present and where to search.
27 Jul 2013, 10:29
They are black flies. They crawl and fly.
28 Jul 2013, 16:19
we have been getting an infestation of black flies for the pas three years
and have owned our home for over 30 yrs. nothing dead, no garbage
around..what is it???it last 1-2 days then stops,,every year....help!!!!
parents are elderly and getting stressed!!
30 Jul 2013, 14:26
I found my inside garbage bin infested with maggots, bins are now outside
permanently and floors, units and entire kitchen was bleached on numerous
occasions. I've checked every area, knook and cranny and no more maggots to
be found. 10 days later and I am coming home to 20-12 blow flies (shiny
green/blue body) on my kitchen windows. There is absolutely no food or
anything they can feed on and I've cleaned away the maggots over a week
ago. What can I do??? How long could maggots last without a food source?
Windows and doors are shut all day so must be coming from inside. I cannot
find a single trace of maggot anywhere!
Ask the Exterminator
30 Jul 2013, 14:46
There really is no secret to this. The flies are breeding in some type of
organic material that has been left behind. I cannot tell you where to
look, but I can suggest creating some homemade blowfly traps.
Bait the traps with a piece of meat and place the traps in locations where
you think the flies may be breeding. Don’t place them near the window.
All flies are drawn to light coming from windows. In fact, close the
shades, if possible. Check the traps in the morning. Where ever you catch
the highest number of flies would indicate you are closer to where they are
breeding. Intensify your inspection based upon the number of flies
11 Aug 2013, 11:23
We have kept 7 chickens for about 3 years and although we clean the runs
out often there is still droppings in the grass etc. We have had a massive
influx of flies this summer and can't seem to shift them - any ideas?
29 Aug 2013, 11:38
I had some trash in my kitchen for way too long. I thought the box was full
of empty beer bottles but it turns out it had rotting meat in it. After
cleaning up the trash I found fruit fly eggs and bowfly pupae (looked like
brown rice) under and in the boxes.
I cleaned my kitchen and floors, and no longer keep trash in the house.
At first I noticed a ton of fruit flies in my house and after 3 days of
vinegar traps and spraying they are almost all gone. But then yesterday I
came home to about 15 dead adult bow flies and about 10 that were still
alive but I killed through the night.
I searched my entire house last night for more pupae, all the cabinets,
floors, under and around furniture, I even removed some base boards and
found only 1 near my front door.
What's the best thing for me to do next?
Should I call an exterminator? Should I use a bug bomber? I'm leaving town
next week and don't want to come home to a nightmare! Thanks!
Ask the Exterminator
03 Sep 2013, 16:31
Sounds like you are doing all that can be done. Inspection is the key and
no pest control company will be more familiar with your home than you. Use
a flashlight and mirror to check behind and under tight spaces, too.
11 Sep 2013, 21:29
I have green and blueflies, very few have entered my home buy enough to
irritate us. Unheard the Cary desieses? Do they bite? Also they surround
our porch light at night- what's up with that?
15 Sep 2013, 14:20
We have had an infestation of 100s of small black flies in our screened in
porch. There is no trash nearby or any rotting or decaying wood for them to
breed in. The porch is built on a deck with space underneath. Is it
possible they are breeding below the deck and coming up through the cracks
in the deck boards? We are baffled. They don't seem to have a metallic body
- just black and fairly small. They are also sluggish and easy to swat -
but there are way too many to kill by hand. Any suggestions? Thank you!