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Kissing Bug


Summary: The Kissing bug belongs to a family of insects with over 130 species. Only one of the species, a South American variety, is known to regularly feed off the lips of its victims.

The name “Kissing bug” has nothing to do with Valentine's Day, but refers to any number of insects that are members of the subfamily of Reduviidae. These insects are also called assassin bugs, conenose bugs, Mexican bedbug, wheel bugs or triatomines. Take your pick. There are more than 130 species worldwide of these vertebrate blood feeders from which to choose. Over 30 can be found in the U.S., mostly in states with warmer climates.

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Some say this bug got its name because of its habit of feeding off the face of its sleeping victims. That's sort of correct, but more specifically, the name “Kissing bug” refers to a South American species that often bites its human victims on their lips while they are sleeping. The bite of the South American species is associated with Chaga's Disease. Most of us will never come in contact with the South American species so our reactions to Kissing bug bites will be similar to any insect bite. Kissing bug wounds are grouped together and may number from two to fifteen bites found mostly on hands, arms, feet, head and body trunk, in that order.

And while we are on the topic of “biting”, it is good to know that these insects are only capable of sucking. They have no mouthparts that open and close like chewing mammals, but the feeding wounds are still called “bites.” It's a technicality, but I thought I'd point that out. Interestingly, Kissing bugs do not feed through clothing. They look for exposed skin, then position themselves next to your body, rather than climbing on you, then touch you only with their mouth parts, feeding for about eight to fifteen minutes.

Most insects of this species nest together during the day and search for a blood meal at night. They are sensitive to the odors mammals give off from skin, hair and various glands. They can also pick up on the carbon dioxide we have in our breath when we exhale. But, don't start worrying just yet. The Kissing bug's normal environment is outside living happily off of opossum, raccoons, armadillos and wood rats. Humans are most likely to encounter these insects in natural environments rather than the cultivated landscapes we find around our homes. That said, they will happily feed off domestic pet, too. So, when Fido goes bounding off into the woods he could come in contact with this insect can carry it back into the house. Even so, these insects will not set up shop and be considered an infestation. An encounter is usually a single incident.

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Kissing bug feeding

The Kissing bug can find its way into our lives even if our pets do not serve as the transportation. It can be carried inside in firewood. It is capable of flying and is attracted to light, so porch lights serve as a beacon, drawing the Kissing bug out from its hiding places. Once on your porch, in the early morning as temperatures start to rise it searches for a place to getout of the sun and the heat of the day. Like many insects, it can sense the presence of cool air such as the air that leaks from under doors or around windows. Once they find their way inside they move away from the light, hiding in or under furniture or in closets.

With the many species of Kissing bugs it is impossible to give a single description, but usually adults range in size from one-half to one inch long. Their bodies are flat and broad. They can have various markings on the abdomen. Heads are cone-shaped and elongated. Their beaks are tapered and thin. It has wings that it folds across its back that make the wings difficult to notice. They produce a pungent odor when disturbed, similar to stink bugs.

Now, here is something really cool about these insects. Some zoo keeper in England have developed a program where they are using the Kissing bug to collect blood samples from animals that otherwise would have to be sedated to perform the task. Instead of subjecting the animals to the stress and complications of putting them “under”, Kissing bugs raised in a sterile environment, are released to do their duty. The animal feels nothing and when the Kissing bug moves away from its blood host it is recaptured and the blood is collected. The Kissing bug gives its life for a worthy cause.

In case you are wondering, yes, there are groups protesting the inhumane treatment of the Kissing bug.

Click here for more articles on stink bugs.





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Comments

Kris ion Chicago
12 Jun 2010, 09:21
How do I get rid of these bugs?
Ask the Exterminator
13 Jun 2010, 16:02
To get rid of them from inside your home any residual insecticide will kill them on contact. To keep them from entering your home you should make sure all cracks and crevices around windows and doors and vents are sealed properly. You can also treat the outside surface of your home (usually the west and south facing sides are the sides to treat)with pesticides listed as wettable powders. They last the longest.
Amy
04 Sep 2010, 02:50
Ugh, I just found one crawling on me and I killed it with my cell phone. I also live in Tucson, and I see them all the time. On any given night if I turn on my porch light, a whole bunch of them will congregate at my front door. I have no hope of getting them away from me.

Does anyone know if they sell traps for these stupid pests?
sarah
07 Oct 2010, 08:51
i live in whitby, ontario. really late last night I was in bed reading when this big kissing bug came flying into my room andlanded on my curtain. i tried to kill it and with no sucess it landed on my leg then the bottom of my foot. eventually i killed it. so gross. until this morning i've never even heard of the kissing bug. my 10 year old daughter told me they were talking about it at school. i didn't want to freak her out about the bug, so i opted not to tell her. i'v only encountered one since last night. please can you tell me what to look for signs there would be if there were more, and can they multiply. why are they here? i've never experienced this in my life and boy am i freaking out.
sar
07 Oct 2010, 08:53
by the way,.... when i killed it it's yellow guts came out along with this baby blue???????? what the heck is THAT!!!!????
Ask the Exterminator
13 Oct 2010, 10:31
The extremely dry summer has caused a population explosion of these insects. They migrate from crop fields, land on the brightly painted houses and find their way inside.
Birdlover Bughater
26 Oct 2010, 01:05
We reside in Western Quebec. I've found both adult and nymph in my house in the past month. I've got 3 children, 2 dogs and 2 birds. I need a method of removing this pest from my home that would be safe for all of us. I'm very concerned as I've just noticed one creeping up my patio curtain, in the dark, I thought it was a large spider. I'm quite concerned and need to rid my home of these immediately. Please give suggestions. Thank you!
Ask the Exterminator
26 Oct 2010, 14:08
Do as the link in the article suggests. Click on "more articles for stink bugs" for solutions.
lena
26 Dec 2010, 23:36
I live in Springfield, Missouri and found one in my living room swarming the light.I am REALLY freaked out about it, and can't find it anywhere after I attempted to kill it. I have three questions:
1. Do kissing bugs even LIVE in Missouri?
2. If so, is there a risk for Chaga's?
3. How common are bites to humans if there are cats in the house?
4. Do they prefer biting cats over humans?

Thanks! PLEASE REPLY!
Ask the Exterminator
28 Dec 2010, 11:00
Conenose bugs can carry the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas in their feces. Scratching the insect bite can introduce the feces into the body, resulting in infection.

There have been very few cases of Chagas disease in the United States. Reports of Chagas disease in Mexico or Central America cause concern in the southwestern United States.

Alma Flores
15 Feb 2011, 09:02
I have been bitten on the wrist by this bug a few weeks ago. I had swollen wrist up to my arm for a week. I am very much worried if I got the infection and if I had caught Chagas disease. I am very much concerned about my health.
Ask the Exterminator
15 Feb 2011, 09:20
See a doctor.
Andrea
16 Jun 2011, 16:54
I live in central Mi, & found a curious bug...I emailed a picture of the bug to a "bug guy" he says its this masked kissing bug!! Im still in shock that it can actually be this bug, but it looks exactly like it! Is there many cases in Michigan of the kissing bug?
Ask the Exterminator
16 Jun 2011, 23:01
The Masked Hunter is native to Europe, but was accidentally transported to North America and is now common in the Central and Eastern United States.

emily
17 Jun 2011, 08:50
I found one kissing bug in my bed and killed it, is it likely there are more? I was getting 1- 5 bites a night until i discovered and killed it yesterday. This morning I'm not sure if the latest couple of bites I've found are old ones, or new since my body seems to be reacting to them at different rates.
Ask the Exterminator
17 Jun 2011, 08:53
It is possible there are more. Only a thorough inspection would reveal this answer.
Brook
09 Aug 2011, 16:57
I am seriously freaked out by these kissing bugs. Can they live in Florida, are they common there, can I die from them, and how common are they to get in my house
Ask the Exterminator
10 Aug 2011, 16:47
They have been discovered in Florida, but they are not epidemic. Contact your local county extension agent to obtain more information about their spread in your specific area. Some people react little to their bites, while others react more seriously.
brandy
05 Nov 2011, 21:36
i live in standish Michigan has there been many cases here its not really hot or warm and i heard they like places that are?????
bob
16 Nov 2011, 03:10
1. I was just wondering if these kissing bugs are found in punta cana?
2. How can you tell the difference if you get bit by a kissing bug or another harmless insect?
3. If you do get bitten by the kissing bug will you for sure get the chagas disease?
4. Is there a cure for this disease?
Ask the Exterminator
17 Nov 2011, 05:44
I could find no online discussions about chagas disease in Punta Cana. You cannot tell an insect species based upon a skin reaction. Medicine given during the acute stage of infection is usually effective. Once the disease has progressed to the later stages, there is no effective cure.
Jem
12 Jan 2012, 12:24
Hi! I'm a medical student taking a course on medical entomology. We were tasked with completing a collection of medically important arthropods. With that said, I was wondering if you know of any way to draw out the kissing bug and capture it alive - with traps or any other techniques?
valery
28 Jun 2012, 17:36
I live in Arizona and I think I have been been bitten by the kissing bug.. A few months ago I woke up with a swollen eye, now I have moved and in the grass area I have been bitten on my legs...Right now I have 4 bites I believe are kissing bug bites..What is the difference between a kissing bug bite from a mosquito bug bite?
Lily
30 Jul 2012, 15:01
I live in Tucson and my husband is HIGHLY allergic to this bug. If anyone has a reaction after a bite PLEASE SEE YOUR DOCTOR! He developed the allergy after being bit several times. Each time his bodies reaction to the bite was worse. Please everyone if you have had any reaction in the past to this bite see a doctor so you can have an Epi-Pen ready. Same as people being allergic to bee stings.
Mireille
13 Nov 2012, 11:02
This article fails to mention that thousands of people die every year of Chagas disease....
Jo
25 Jan 2013, 12:03
is there a variation of this kissing bug that would have a light green on it's back? I found two adult bugs in my kitchen in the past two days. are there other bugs that look similar to the kissing bug (cone nose)?
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